Mar 6, 2012

17 Steps to Home Fire Emergency Survival

General Fire Preparations

1. Install at least one fire alarm on every floor. Isolated areas such as garages and sheds should also have alarm systems installed to alert you of any danger on your property.
2. Plan at least two escape routes from every room with your family. Make sure everyone is aware of how they can escape from any room if there is a fire which prevents them leaving via the main entrance.
3. Check that all family members are able to open escape routes such as windows and doors. It is also important to check that everyone can fit through specified escape routes.
4. Keep a whistle and torch in every room so that you can easily alert other family members and navigate if the power goes out.
5. Choose a place where you can safely meet after escaping from the house.

Educate your family

It is important to teach your family several survival tips with regards to fire:
6. Always sleep with the bedroom doors closed because this will keep smoke and heat out, providing a greater time frame in which to escape.
7. Teach everyone how to raise the alarm. This could be with a whistle, with a bell, or with a simple shout of ‘FIRE’!
8. Wasting time by getting dressed, looking for pets, or collecting valuables could cost your life. It is essential to get out immediately and worry about everything else afterwards.
9. Stay low at all times to avoid the inhalation of smoke. Three breaths of toxic smoke is enough to render an adult unconscious and that will make you incapable of escape. It is important to roll out of bed and then crawl to the nearest exits. Teach family members to cover their mouths effectively.

Practice makes perfect

10. Get your family to practice escaping the house blindfolded. In the event of a real fire it is unlikely that visibility will be much better than this because of the smoke, so it is important to practice in uncomfortable conditions.
11. Practice keeping your head low when leaving the building. Crawling is uncomfortable but it can save your life in an emergency.
12. Feel doors before opening them. If a door is hot then it is unsafe to open it. Test this by touching the wood, not the metal handle.
13. Learn the process of ‘Stop, Drop and Roll’. This will enable you to put out any fires on your body and clothing.
Additional Measures
14. Work out where you can call the emergency services from in the event of a fire. It is safer to do this once you are outside of your home and safe.
15. Consider who needs to know that your house is on fire. Notifying the neighbours of the fire as soon as you are out of the house could potentially save their lives too so be sure to alert them if they aren’t already alerted by your alarms.
16. Be careful when you are cooking. Cooking should never be left unattended, even for a minute.
17. Be careful when smoking. Smoking when you are tired, sitting down or lying down could potentially cause a fire. Think about your state and make sure you look after your ash and embers. 

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