Dec 31, 2015

How Does A Solar System Work - Science Behind Converting Sunlight to Electricity

Many of us might have heard the term “solar energy” thousand times, but very few people actually know the mechanism that takes place behind it. Here is an article that will explain you about the amazing working mechanism of solar energy and each and everything you need to know about it. Are you ready? Well, check it out!
Science behind Solar Energy
Basically, solar energy is what we get after the sunlight is converted into the electricity. This process is carried out by solar cells. As we all know, sunlight hits our roofs and balconies during daytime. It hits the solar panels with the particles of sunlight called photons.

Now, these photons get converted into the electrons that have negative charge to DC (Direct Current). These electrons move into the inverter via solar panel and other electrical devices. Now, the inverter plays its role of converting this DC power into the AC (Alternating Current) power.

The AC electric supply is used by electrical machines like computer, toaster, television, etc, when they are plugged in the wall outlet. There is also a net energy meter and solar San Diego calculator that is used to monitor the power that the solar system generates.

The energy, which is not consumed at the same time while it is generated, is made to traverse back to the electrical grid via the meter. Now, this remaining energy is used when the system doesn’t generate more than the requirements or while cloudy days or nights. You can then use the electricity from the grid normally.

Some major components of Solar System
The photovoltaic modules are the main building blocks of solar system. These modules can be designed from different types of materials. The PV modules are creatively combined and panels are formed. Arrays are the combined form of panels. Some other important components of the solar power system are batteries, inverters, charge controllers, etc.

Solar cells are usually small and square shaped semiconductors residing in panels and are made from silicon and other such conducting materials. They are produced in film layers that are typically very thin. When sunlight collides with the solar cells, the chemical reaction takes place and the electrons are released that are responsible to generate electricity.

There are some guidelines that will help you to get the best out of your solar energy system. For instance, south facing roofs tend to get the maximum sunlight throughout the day. Moreover, you need to be completely relaxed, since solar electricity normally works just the same as the electricity that you buy from utility company.

You just need to turn your lights on and plug in the lamps and other power appliances in just the same way as you do normally. After that, you are all set to minimize your energy bills by going solar.

You would be very happy to know that solar power is very much reliable too. It has been used for 50 years or more and it is proved to be greatly affordable too. Plus, it doesn’t depend on any moving parts that can wear out over time.

To conclude, the mechanism behind the solar energy is pretty much simple. Once you know the amazing benefits of it, you would definitely opt for it right away!

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